Friday, March 29, 2019

Impact of Language Software on Language Learning

Impact of linguistic communication Softw ar on Language LearningChapter adeptIntroductionOverviewIn todays hu universe beings, employ Information and Communication engineering (ICT) and its influence on miscellaneous aspects of human life, cave in ca subprogramd great development on in golf club and human relations, which is referred to as the education transmutation. The increasing development of Information Technology (IT) in human life particularly in upbringingal surround and the its expend of it have led to a invigorated era in human life that chiffonier be c every last(predicate)ed the intelligence communityE1. Living in such(prenominal)(prenominal) a society that is progressing every day requires plenty who canto alter themselves with such progression. The starting signal step in this regard is the issue of how to shamble optimal use of ICT industrys in general education programme.Because of the arrival of applied science in human life, all individuals, i nstitutions and systems in countries should be prep bed for a variety of changes that argon vital to progression. To be specific in education, it is non more than or sowhat decades which Educational Technology (ET) started to appear in educational system around the world. at present neither students nor instructors can be regarded as the traditional ones who had simple facilities avail equal to(p). According to Thorne and Reinhardt (2008), emerging literacies associated with digital media are extremely relevant to their circulating(prenominal) and future lives as spoken nomenclature users (p. 560). Before considering the application of ET with its new concept, instructors and t from each oneers supplied audiovisual products to improve the result of their initiateing and swindleing existents in education. However, recent developments in the computer industry and information, multi-media, communication technologies and theE2 emergence of topical anesthetic and regional information networks especially the internet put new methods and tools for designers, managers, executives, and programme trainers.Plenty of technologies and tools in find outing and tenet process such as educational package, Personal Data Assistance (PDA), mobile and etc. requires the instructors to lead their learners toward utilise applied science in their life at least their education.According to Bruce and Hogan (1998), As technologies embed themselves in everyday discourse and activity, a curious intimacy happens. The more we look, the more they slip into the background. Despite our attention, we lose sight of the bearing they shape our daily lives (p. 270).As technology becomes the normal and expected meaning of communication and education, Bruce and Hogan (1998) point out, important changes occur in expectations virtually the abilities students have to acquire to be successful wording users. The interaction betwixt instructors and learners should be so close in order to get a genuine and reasonable result. The more teachers update and are familiar with new technologies in teaching, the more knowledgeable and update students will be. In general, the influence of new information technologies in educational institutions (from enlightens to higher education) and even homes has changed the relationship between student and teacher. Thus, traditional instruction paradigms are changed and users are faced with big amounts of information and knowledge.Computer-Assisted Language Learning ( skirt)It is obvious that in these days everybody, especially school and university students, tends to use computer in their daily activities specially magnification of gratify in using computers for phrase teaching and learning which is an interest of two linguistic process instructors and address learners. The development of plow brought about a revolution in teaching process, as the teaching tools offered through CALL were gradually becoming more reliable. Today CALL has popularity in education specially in learning a foreign linguistic communication so that limitinology learners support it and use it as an essential part of their quarrel learning process. However, employing CALL in teaching and learning has some weaknesses.Nowadays both side of meat talking to teachers and side of meat learners are tend to practice computer in their methods especially its very important for side instructors to use CALL because English course book of secondary school changed from the current educational year that CALL is one of important part of it. Schools and their school districts would benefit from a the current program that assesses the English teachers use of technology and readiness for use of technology in their classroom, as well as their ability to utilize technology in an engaging and meaningful itinerary for the English learners specific to their content area. One such example is the teacher Education and Technology Pl anning Guide created by Learning layover Associates in November of 2004. It looks at eight key categories for the implementation of technology by pre-service teachers and colleges of education (Fulton, Glenn Valdez, 2004).Statement of the problemInformatics and computer-establish communication have created a collection that originated arevolution thatis based on information industry a revolution that itswhose focus is on accessing information, that is, searching and retrieval of information in restrict time with a reasonable cost. Ultimately, it results in creating global village and the information society.In this regard, a link up terminology Information Technology (IT)would be mentioned that is a key point in the revolution. According to Wikipedia, free encyclopedia, IT is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, circularize and circumvent data, often in the context of a business or different enterprise. As its name indicates, in su ch society each organization and its staffs should be inform of what are firing on in the world around and should possess the technology and be able to apply it to get such information. To remain in such society, change is essential, so as a result every organization changed. Education in general and teaching English in particular is one of the some fields thathas been affected by IT and changed.At present, any society ask educated people who have the power of decision-making, people who should be able to act and communicate based on their abilities in a world of widely changing. It representation knowledgeable people who are flexible and can adopt themselves to any conditions in their job that are dealing with IT. In addition, each society submits teachers who are able to apply technology in their classes.Regarding to development of technology in human life and mans move toward technology, teachers deprivation to adapt themselves with technology, too.To get a favorable and a cceptable result of instruction at the end of semesters, English teachers need to update themselves by using CALL. The goal of all language teachers is to teach their students in a way that the students acquire language component and language skills. For vocabulary learning, teachers have applied and employed so many a(prenominal) methods and ways such as memorizing long lists of manner of speaking, translating texts, making sentences with new spoken communication, and so many other ways that are known for the experts in language teaching.In Iran, English teachers have been trying several methods to teach their students English still despite great effort in teaching, they probably have non achieved success.Nowadays there are great amounts of high school students and even university students who can non use English even a simple introduction while they erstwhile(prenominal) at least seven years of English instruction in guidance and high school.English language teaching exper ts have distinguishable beliefs about it. One of the main problems may be if for the purpose of the books that are not communicative based. E3In both guidance schools and high schools, English teachers require the students to con long list of vocabulary that were at the end of each lessons. Although the enounces were retained, it was not last for long time. The other main reason may be is its way of teaching grammar. English teachers teach grammar like mathematics. It means jump-year they wrote a formula on the board and then wrote some examples and wanted the students to do following examples that were on their books. Usually the grammar applied on the lesson reading text but it was not clear enough to hurl the students understand. There were so many problems that the bottom line was failing to learn English language well.After some years of graduating their high school and nowadays during the school, the students who are poor in learning English language referred to Englis h language institutes to start to learn it better and also in a new method. Experience has shown that the students who participate in English institutes learn and apply English better than those who do not participate in such classes. Unlike schools, the way of teaching English in English institutes are totally different. First, the book which are taught in English institutes are completely different from school. Although there are different physical bodys of books, all of them are designed with the aim of communication and all of them are following aforementioned(prenominal) goal.The books which are using in English institutes are include felicitous House, Happy writing, Potato pals, Pocketsand some others for kids and beginning in starter aims.Lets go, First friend, Family and friends which are usually forjunior levels and intermediate levels.Interchange, Touchstone, Top notch, Summit, American English file and English resultthatis usually for senior levels adult learning. It should be mentionthat all of the series have different stages.Regardless of the variety of books, in English institutes students are expected to be able to communicate at the end of each semester correspond to the level of the related book.The remarkable thing in such book is that these books have given considerable attention on learning course with different ways and in some casesfor better pinch of a word, presents a word with its pictures. In all kinds of books, they use kind of CALL. In most of the books, especially for kids, the newspaper publisher provides additional parcel according to the book for better understand of the contents. For kids, it provides some moving pictures and famous survey characters to teach them English alphabet or some simple words like dog, cat, ant etc. For junior, intermediate, upper intermediate and senior levels the publisher usually provide demo of the book and additional tests. Even some publishers enlist some English parcel and attach the computer computer software to the book. These publishersmight be believe that such technology is more attractive for language learners and it helper to sell their product more.Recently, English teachers have tried to incorporate technology and the old methods of teaching English that have taught in schools, which usually was based on grammar translation method (GTM). As the researcher is going to do his research on vocabulary learning aspect of English language, he has tried to search for some software and CALL programs that their focus is on vocabulary.One of the most important parts of language learning and language usage is vocabulary and the ability of using it. English teachers have used so many different ways to teach vocabulary to English learners but they were not much success. Nowadays English teachers usemany English software to teach vocabulary, learning vocabulary in learners is better than far past but seemingly they have not achieved as success as they expected. The y use some software like Oxford outline Dictionary (OPD), Longman Children Picture dictionary,Nosrat English language teaching, demo of some English books and such software that contains language components specially vocabulary learning.Some of such English software were obedient at the beginning and attracted learners satisfaction even sometimes learners theme it was the best software that they could use but it did not last. One of the most important reasons is because the method they (English software) worked onis not like learners real life. Foreign language learners need to learn a newlanguage as much as their first language, which refers to acquiring it rather than learning. It means to teach vocabulary to English language learners so that they internalize in their mind and they could apply it. English language learners need to learn English the same way they leant their first language it means they should be completely surrounded by the language they are going to learn not see a translation of words or instructing. In other words, they should be in a earthy immersion of language.With regard to above mentioned characteristics of teaching a language, the researcher chose occupy an English software that does not have the above mentioned problems. This learn is going to examine teaching vocabulary through the Rosetta rock-and-roll English software. due to above mentioned problems of Iranian EFL learners on vocabulary learning, the researcher is going to turn out some words and sentences by related pictures. It is considered that the learners can mix both their auditory and visual sense in their mind so that the word would be learned. Other features of this software will explain in detail in following chapters.This research intends to investigate the mend of Rosetta match English software vocabulary learning in a way that the learnt material be last for long time like everybodys first language.Significance of the studyThe domain of CALL in Iran is in need of moreresearch. To the researchers best knowledge, studiesabout computer-based instruction in Iran are not somanyespecially for research through English language learning software.In addition, there is not any research through Rosetta Stone English software at all and this is the first research in this field using this software.In Mazandaran, Mahmoudabad, it is the first time that a CALL research is going to be through with(p) on English language learners so it is novel in this major. A few studies about using podcast and the use of CALLinteaching listening and grammar toIranian EFL learners have beenconducted. It is anticipate that this study encourages English language teachers to use computers in languagelearning in general, and in learning English vocabularyin particular. This study also attempts to bridge the gapbetween the theoretical and hardheaded sides of usingCALL in teaching vocabulary.Therefore, the findings of this study may befunctional for different catego ries of people it mayhelp EFL curriculum designers and EFL methodologists develop teaching materials that suit various ways ofteaching and match students level of achievement inEnglish language in general and in vocabulary in particular. The finding of this research can be helpful for English language teachers whose students have problem with learning vocabulary and are bored by learning English vocabulary in traditional ways. Moreover, this study may helpEnglish teachersby facilitating their role as well as students byhelping them absorb and apply Englishvocabulary itemsquite slowly and smoothly. There are many English learners who are looking for good English software that couldlearn English by themselves conducting this research makes familiar the people with this software and its abilities.Even some English teachers do not know such software it is hope that reading this thesis will familiarize them with the software.Finally, this study mayencourage other researchers to conduct further studieson the same topic, or maybe on other skills or sub skills of English, which will enrich both the topical anaesthetic andinternational literature.Research question and hypothesisThis study is going to answer these questionsDoes Rosetta Stone English software have any statistically significant feign on Iranian EFL learners vocabulary learning?Does Rosetta Stone English software have any statistically significant impact on Iranian EFL learners delayE4 recall?This study will focus on the following trifling hypothesesRosetta Stone English software has no statistically significant impact on Iranian EFL learners vocabulary learning.Rosetta Stone English software has no statistically significant impact on Iranian EFL learners long-term E5recall of vocabulary items.Definition of key termsComputer-assisted language learning (CALL) It is succinctly delimitate in a seminal work by Levy (1997) as the search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning. CALL embraces a wide range of Information and communications technology applications and approaches to teaching and learning foreign languages, from the traditional drill-and-practice programs that characterized CALL in the 1960s and seventies to more recent manifestations of CALL. Here by CALL it means using some software and CDs that learners use to strengthen their vocabulary skill and sometimes using some software such as English Rosetta Stone for practicing English vocabularies.Rosetta Stone English software It is proprietary CALL software published by Rosetta Stone Inc. The software uses images, text, sound, and video to teach words and grammar by spaced repetition, without translation. Rosetta Stone calls their approach Dynamic Immersion (a term which they have trademarked).Information and Communication Technology (ICT) It is often used as an extended synonym for information technology (IT), but is a more specific term that stresses the role of unified communicatio ns and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and tuner signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.In this study by ICT it means the ways and activities that are related to language learning and activities that learners can do by ICT as their language learning processes.Educational Technology (ET) According to Richards and Schmidt (2010), it is 1. The use of machines and educational equipment of different stores (e.g. language and labrotaries, tape recorder, video, etc.) to assist teachers and learners. 2. A system of instruction which contains (a) an abbreviation of what learners need to know and be able to do (b) a commentary of these needs as behavioral objectives.According to Richey (2008), sometimes termed EdTech, is the study and respectable practice of facilitating e-learning, which is the learning and improving perfor mance by creating, using and managing purloin technological processes and resources.Delimitations of the studyThis study has the following limitationsThis study limits its scope on start intermediate institutes vocabulary learning. Therefore, other skills and sub skills are not concern of this study.This study will be done on Mahmoudabad lower intermediate institutes learners with their own ecological and cultural characteristics, so learners in other cities and provinces with different levels are not included.This research will study on both genders, so others researchers can limits their study on just one gender.E1Source?E2As you see in this page, you need a thorough proofreading of your thesis. I did it sole(prenominal) for page 1. You continue with the rest.E3rewriteE4does not match hypothesis 2E5 does not match question 2

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.