Saturday, March 2, 2019

Hong Kong International Airport Is the Main Airport in Hong Kong

Kong International drome (HKIA) is the main line of descentport in Hong Kong it is an important regional trans-shipment centre, passenger hub and gateway between the Mainland China and the peace of Asia. And HKIA is the primary hub for several domestic airlines, such as Cathay pacific Airways, Dragonair, Hong Kong Express Airways, etc. Re status the history, HKIA has won s heretofore Skytrax universe airport Awards for customer satisfaction in just ten years (Skytrax, 2010), the encourage base busiest airport in the world in terms of freight rate occupation and the 13th busiest airport worldwide in terms of passenger throughput in 2009 ( dromes Council International, 2010).This is the strong evidence to proof that HKIA was entering to the World-Class International aerodrome and we drop estimate its cultivation effectively. In this essay, I will go to evaluate the hub airport development of the Hong Kong International Airport, also try to demo the all overall performan ce and the relevant statistics with other major hub airport to realise the comparison and some opinions. The passenger throughput and burden affair in HKIA is certain intremendous speed in historic 10 years.In view of this, the Airport Authority Hong Kong was going to build up some hold uping facilities to strengthen its fight, such as Terminal 2, spousal relationship Satellite Terminal, SkyPier and cookery to construct the third runway, etc. This is a very active out harvest-festival to maintain and develop the position as a hub airport speckle comp atomic number 18 with other major hub airport rough the world. There atomic number 18 several major hub airports in Southeast Asia, like the Singapore Changi Airport and the Beijing Capital International Airport, etc.No matter what the passenger and cargo throughput, facilities, federation architecture and awards it is competed so intensively with the HKIA. First of all, I will go to analysis the development trend of pass enger throughput in the HKIA. In the primal of 2000s, the operation of HKIA was back on the train after the transition stage from the Kai Tak Airport. Base on the statistics, the total passenger in 2001 was 32,546,029 and ranking 17 (Airports Council International, 2002). After one year, the throughput step-up 4. 1% to 33,882,463 and the ranking climb to 15 (Airports Council International, 2003).But in 2003, the passenger drop about 20% to 27,092,290 since the influence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (Airports Council International, 2004). The HKIA was suffered a huge loss in this year, such as the passenger, cargo and economic, etc. Luckily, the recession has to undergo only one year, and it rise up again in the next year. In 2004, the PAX increase 25. 5% to 36,711,920 (Airports Council International, 2005), and the trend continues to increase until 2009. The other statistics which in 2005 increase 9. 7% to 40,269,847 (Airports Council International, 2006), 2006 increase 8 . % to 43,857,908 (Airports Council International, 2007), 2007 increase 7. 3% to 47,042,419 (Airports Council International, 2008), 2008 increase 1. 7% to 47,857,746 (Airports Council International, 2009). And the trend was adjust quietly in 2009, which is decrease 5% to 45,499,604 (Airports Council International, 2010). The phenomenon was anticipated since the outbreak of H1N1 influenza make the economic slowdown in whole world. Apart from these passenger throughput data, we can analysis the HKIA was very successful as a passenger hub airport, even in Asia.Since the passenger flow was increase equably in past 10 years. And its ranking is good enough which represent the Asia hub airport. And here is the plot to compare the PAX throughput between HKIA and Changi Airport. picThe above plat shows the passenger craft comparison between two major hub airports in Asia. Both of them are keeping the ascending trend since 2002, and the top 30 ranking. As we neck that, the Singapore Chan gi Airport had the long term history and winning over 340 awards in a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007. as well as, with80 airlines serving 200 cities in 60 countries, Changi Airport established itself as a major air power hub in the Asia Pacific region (Changi Airport Group, 2009). But when we look back the passenger throughput in HKIA it was higher than Singapore Changi Airport about 6,000,000 to 8,000,000 in the past 10 years averagely. The most important is the HKIA just go though the 10 years history. It can prove the development of HKIA is very high-speed and prosperity. pic Secondly, it is the cargo traffic comparison between the HKIA and Changi Airport. The diagram shows above is the total cargo statistics from 2009 to 2009.Base on the diagram, it is no doubt to prove that the HKIA is acting the leader position in Asia, even in the World since 2002. The cargo traffic was above 2,500,000 tones from 2002, and continued to rise above 3,000,000 from 2004 and until to 2009. And the HKIA keeps the second ranking in the Worlds busiest airports by cargo traffic since 2002, just stinker the Memphis International Airport (Airports Council International, 20032010). When compare the cargo traffic with the other busiest cargo airports in Asia Changi Airport. We can clearly perceive the outcome and difference.Although the history of Changi Airport is longer then HKIA, and it introduced the Air Hub Development Fund in 2003 (Net Resources International, 2010) to pull out the airlines and push up the cargo traffic. But the total cargo traffic in the past 8 years was still fall shadow HKIA distantly, and the gap becomes has widened in these several years. This is the best statistics to verify that the HKIA is the successful hub airport in the cargo side. Moreover, it is the new development in HKIA. It officially launched two new facilities in January 2010, which are the SkyPier and the North Satellite large number.For the Skypier, the temporary SkyPier was do ava ilable in 2003. It assists the movement of passengers between HKIA and the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region. With an extensive air network of 150 destinations,HKIA has also served well the air transportation of necessity of the PRD, meeting the economic development needs of Hong Kong and contributing to Mainlands economic growth over the past three decades (HKIA Press Releases, 2010). And the AA has invested over HK$1 one million million in the construction of a new North Satellite Concourse (HKIA Press Releases, 2009).It is designed to serve to a greater extent than five million passengers a year at the initial stage. And ensure the same level of serving for the passengers who flying on smaller aircraft (HKIA Press Releases, 2009). Refer to the Executive film director in Airport Authority Hong Kong, said, HKIA is dedicated to providing top-notch service and facilities to enhance its competitiveness as a regional and international aviation centre. With the new major planet concour se, less than 10 flights will need to be parked at remote bays every day compared to the current 40 to 50.This means more passengers can embark or disembark their aircraft in a pleasant, proof environment, sparing them the inconvenience of being exposed to hot or showery weather (HKIA Press Releases, 2009). The director has briefly explained the objective and function of the North Satellite Concourse. Evidently, the growth project is using to enhance service levels, pave the way to meet future demand and strengthen the connection with the PRD network. Also deepen the role and position as a hub airport around the world.In conclusion, the passenger throughput, total cargo traffic and the facilities development in HKIA has splay quickly in the past ten years. And all the relevant statistics, ranking, awards and record has the sustainable increase. It is the positive outcome and result to evaluate the development of the HKIA as a hub airport, also HKIA is the famous, guarantee airpo rt for all the local and foreigner.HKIA Opens clean Passenger Concourse to Enhance Service. Retrieved 20 April, 2010, from http//www. hongkongairport. com/eng/media/press-releases/pr_981. html HKIA Press Releases (2010).Airports invigorated SkyPier and North Satellite Concourse Officially Opened. Retrieved 20 April, 2010, from http//www. hongkongairport. com/eng/media/press-releases/pr_983. html

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